When Queen Elizabeth II began her reign, Bloomington-Normal was very different
Queen Elizabeth II has died at the age of 96. When she ascended the throne in 1952, most present-day Britons, and most Americans for that matter, were not yet alive. Queen Elizabeth ruled for a period that is about a third of the length of U.S. history.
Since then, America and Bloomington-Normal have changed almost beyond recognition. As an example, consider the following facts provided by the Mclean County Museum of History about the year 1952.
- Bloomington population: about 34,000 — now nearly 79,000.
- Normal population: around 9,800 — now nearly 53,000.
- ISNU (now Illinois State University) enrollment: about 2,500, — now just over 20,000
- Normal Community High School's enrollment was about 500 — now NCHS and Normal West enrollment tops 3,700 combined.
- Leading Bloomington-Normal employers: Eureka Williams Corp.; Thor Corp. (washing machines); and State Farm, Insurance Co. Those were the only three local businesses to employ more than 500 people. Now there are about 16 businesses and institutions that have 500 workers or more.
- There were three large hotels in downtown Bloomington: the Illinois House; Tilden Hall; and the Rogers — there are none now
- There were three hospitals: Mennonite, Brokaw, and St. Joseph's, as well as the McLean County Tuberculosis Sanitorium.
- There were more than 200 state wards boarding at Norman's Illinois Soldiers' and Sailors' Children's School that is long-closed.
- Mercer Avenue was the eastern edge of Bloomington's city limits.
- There were six department stores in downtown Bloomington, all within a few blocks of each other. Three were local (Klemm's, Livingston's and Roland's), and three were national (Sears, Ward's, and Penny's). Eastland Mall would not open until the following decade.
- There were more than 75 grocery stores in McLean County. The vast majority were "mom-and-pop" corner groceries.
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